Although Batista avoided taking political power directly, he remained the leader of the “revolution” and jefe máximo – supreme commander – of the armed forces of Cuba until be became Presidente. Interestingly, the man who ultimately replaced him, Fidel Castro, used the same strategy until he rose to power.
Batista had no interference from the Americans. The Administration of Franklin Roosevelt systematically relinquished the old interventionist policy that had guided American policy since the end of the Spanish-American War. In May, 1934, they negotiated a new treaty with the Cubans that abolished the Platt Amendment whereby the United States maintained legal authority to intervene in Cuban affairs if the island's government was unable to maintain law and order. However, they retained the lease on Guantanamo Bay that had been negotiated under the 1903 agreement.
Batista's opposition tested the American resolve in 1935. They requested United States involvement to derail Batista's dominance and Ambassador Caffrey responded that America did not intend to intervene directly or indirectly in the island's affairs.
The new American stance did not alter American objectives in Cuba. It merely substituted new strategies to attain the same goals it had always sought: To sustain the search for markets on the island but within a different structure. The American Secretary of State, Cordell Hull, decided that high tariffs employed during the 1920's had severely reduced the dollar amount of American exports to Cuba. In 1933, the value of these exports was only one-tenth of what they amounted to in 1924. A new reciprocity treaty, he decided, would regain a potentially valuable market for the products of American farmers and manufacturers.